Working Papers

"High-Value Work and the Rise of Women: The Cotton Revolution and Gender Equality in China", 2020    

Revise and Resubmit, Review of Economic Studies


"Autocratic Rule and Social Capital: Evidence from Imperial China", 2021

"The Short- and Long-Run Effects of Affirmative Action: Evidence from Imperial China", 2021, with B. Zhang

"Violence and Missing Women in China", 2020, with T. Sng and S. Zhong


Work in Progress

Women and Asylums

Extreme Poverty and a Culture of Violence


"Folklore", with S. Michalopoulos

Quarterly Journal of Economics, November 2021, 136 (4), 1993–2046.

Editor's Choice

"Friends from Afar: The Taiping Rebellion, Cultural Proximity and Primary Schooling in the Lower Yangzi,1850-1949", with Y. Hao

Explorations in Economic History63 (2017): 44-69.

Book Reviews & Book Chapters


in: Lester Kurtz (ed.), Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict, Third Edition, Academic Press, forthcoming.

Book Review for "M. Tanimoto and R. B. Wong, Public Goods Provision in the Early Modern Economy: Comparative Perspectives from Japan, China, and Europe"

Economic History Review, 73 (2020): 335-336.

Older Working Papers

"Raising Dragon", 2014, with J. V. C. Nye

Media Coverage: Freakonomics